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Domain Name

What? How? and everything about Domain Names

1. What is a domain name?

A domain name is a human-readable address used for identifying and accessing websites on the internet.
It serves as a unique identifier for a specific web location, allowing users to easily navigate the web by typing or clicking on familiar names (e.g.,www.example.com.) rather than remembering complex numerical IP addresses. Domain names are essential for online branding, marketing, and navigation, making the internet more user-friendly and accessible. They are typically registered through domain registrars and require periodic renewal to maintain ownership.

2. Where is the domain name in a URL? 

The domain name in a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is typically found immediately after the protocol (e.g., “http://” or “https://”) and the double slashes (“://”). It appears before any additional path or resource identifiers. For example, in the URL “https://www.example.com/page,” the domain name is “www.example.com.



The domain name uniquely identifies the web server hosting the website, enabling the browser to make a request to that specific location on the internet. Domain names are crucial for accessing websites, as they provide a user-friendly way to navigate the vast online landscape.

READ: URL vs. URI: What Are the Key Differences Between Them

3. How do domains work?

Domain names work as a human-friendly layer on top of the internet’s underlying infrastructure.
Here’s how they function:
Registration: Domain names are purchased through domain registrars, which act as intermediaries between domain seekers and the domain governing bodies, such as ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers). Users can choose a unique domain name, often with a top-level domain (TLD) option like .com, .org, or country-code TLDs. The registration process involves providing contact information and agreeing to terms and conditions, including periodic renewal fees, to secure the rights to use the domain.
DNS (Domain Name System): The DNS is a distributed network of servers that serve as the internet’s address book. When you enter a domain name in your web browser, the browser sends a query to a DNS server to translate the human-readable domain (like “www.example.com“) into an IP address, such as “” which is necessary for computers to identify the web server associated with that domain.
IP address resolution: The DNS server searches its database for the requested domain name. If it finds a match, it retrieves the corresponding IP address associated with that domain. If the DNS server can’t find a match, it may query other authoritative DNS servers until it locates the correct IP address. Once found, this IP address is returned to your device.
Website retrieval: Armed with the IP address, your web browser connects to the web server associated with the domain. It sends a request for the specific web page or resource you’re seeking. The web server then processes your request and transmits the requested web page or content, which your browser renders for you to view on your screen.
Domain names simplify internet navigation, as users can remember and type them instead of complex IP addresses, making it easier to access websites and online resources.

4. What are the parts of a domain name?

A domain name consists of several distinct parts that serve specific purposes providing a structured and intuitive way to locate and access websites on the internet:
Subdomain: A subdomain is an optional prefix that can be added to the main domain name. For example, in “blog.example.com,” the term “blog” is a subdomain. Subdomains are often used to categorize or separate content within a website.


Second-Level Domain (SLD): This is the core part of the domain name, providing the primary identity for a website.In the web address “example.com,” the term “example” represents the second-level domain.
Top-Level Domain (TLD): The TLD is the rightmost part of the domain, representing the category or purpose of the website. Common TLDs include “.com,” “.org,” and “.net.” Country-code TLDs (ccTLDs) like “.uk” or “.ca” are associated with specific countries.

These different parts combine to form a complete domain name, providing a structured and intuitive way to locate and access websites on the internet.

5. What are the different types of domain names? 

There are various types of domain names, each designed for specific purposes and different needs. Picking the right domain name and extension depends on what your website is for, who your audience is, and your branding goals. These different types have their own benefits and can make a big difference in how people find and recognize your website.
Generic Top-Level Domains (gTLDs):  These are the most common domain types and include familiar extensions like .com, .org, and .net. They are versatile and appropriate for a wide array of websites.
Country Code Top-Level Domains (ccTLDs):  These domain extensions are associated with specific countries or territories, such as .uk for the United Kingdom, .in for India or .ca for Canada. They are often used to denote a local or regional presence.
Sponsored Top-Level Domains (sTLDs):  These are specialized domain extensions often managed by organizations or industries. Examples include .gov for government entities or .edu for educational institutions.
New gTLDs:  Introduced in recent years, these extensions have expanded options beyond traditional gTLDs, such as .app, .blog, and .guru. They can be more descriptive and relevant to specific website content.
Brand TLDs:  Some companies have their own domain extensions, like .apple or .google, which reinforce their brand identity.



6. Setting up your domain with BigRock

Setting up your domain with BigRock is a straightforward process. Here are the key steps to get your domain up and running:
Domain registration: Begin by using our user-friendly domain name suggestion tool to check the availability of your desired domain name. Once you find a suitable name, you can register it.
Account creation: If you don’t already have an account with BigRock, you’ll need to create one. This account will serve as your portal for managing your domain, making it easy to renew, modify, or transfer it when necessary.
Privacy protection: We offer domain privacy protection services to keep your personal information hidden from the public WHOIS database. This helps protect your privacy and prevent unwanted solicitations.
DNS configuration: You can configure your domain’s DNS (Domain Name System) settings to point to your web hosting provider. BigRock provides user-friendly tools for this purpose, allowing you to set up your website and email services.
Renewal management: BigRock provides options for managing your domain’s renewal settings. You can set it to auto-renew, ensuring you don’t lose your domain inadvertently.
Customer support: We offer customer support to assist with any issues or questions you may have during the domain setup process. We have a reputation for responsive and helpful customer service.
Additional services: BigRock also offers hosting, email, and other web services, making it a one-stop solution for your online needs.

Setting up your domain with BigRock ensures a reliable and efficient foundation for your online presence, backed by our experience and range of services.

7. What are domains used for? 

Domains serve various essential purposes in the online world, making them a fundamental component of the internet infrastructure. Here are the primary uses of domains:
Website identification: Domains not only provide an address but also serve as a crucial element in website accessibility and navigation. They are user-friendly and easy to remember, making it simple for individuals to visit websites, share links, and conduct online searches. Without domains, users would need to remember and input numerical IP addresses, which would be impractical and challenging.
Branding and identity: Usually, domains are often the first point of contact between a business or individual and their online audience. They offer a unique opportunity to convey a brand’s identity, values, and purpose. The choice of a domain name can influence the perception of a website and impact its success. Memorable domain names are more likely to be shared and revisited by users.
Email Hosting: Domains enable organizations and individuals to create custom email addresses, such as [email protected]. This not only enhances professionalism but also establishes trust. Email Hosting through a domain provides control over email services, including security and spam filtering, and allows users to manage their communication efficiently.
E-commerce: For online businesses, domains are the gateway to their digital storefronts. An intuitive and relevant domain name can make a significant difference in attracting and retaining customers. It’s a fundamental part of the e-commerce user experience, often associated with security and the reputation of the business.
Content publishing: Domains are the foundation of the digital publishing landscape. Bloggers, news outlets, and content creators rely on domains to reach their audiences. They contribute to the accessibility of information, promoting the dissemination of knowledge, news, and entertainment on the web. Domain names can even become influential brands in the media industry.

Server access: Beyond websites and email, domains are used for remote server access. System administrators, IT professionals, and developers employ domains to connect to servers, cloud services, and IoT devices. This simplifies the management of digital infrastructure, making it more user-friendly and efficient.

8. What do you need with a domain? 

To make effective use of a domain, you typically need several associated elements and considerations:
Domain registrar: You need to register your domain with a reputable domain registrar. This is the entity responsible for managing the domain on your behalf, ensuring it remains active and resolving it to the correct IP address.
Web hosting: To publish a website, you’ll require web hosting services. Your web host provides the server space and infrastructure needed to store and serve the content of your website. Some domain registrars also offer hosting services.
Website content: The heart of any website is its content. You’ll need to create and organize web pages, graphics, and multimedia elements. This content should align with your website’s purpose and engage your target audience.
DNS configuration: Domain Name System (DNS) settings need to be configured. This involves specifying how your domain should connect to your web hosting server. You may set up A records, CNAME records, and MX records, among others, to ensure your domain functions as intended.
Email services: If you want custom email addresses associated with your domain (e.g., [email protected]), you’ll need Email Hosting services. This allows you to send and receive emails using your domain as part of the email address.
Security measures: Security is crucial to protect your domain from hacking, unauthorized access, and other threats. Consider implementing SSL Certificates to encrypt data, setting up firewalls, and using strong passwords to safeguard your domain and website.
Regular maintenance: Domains and websites require ongoing maintenance. This includes updating content, applying security patches, and renewing your domain registration to prevent it from expiring.

SEO and marketing: To attract visitors, it’s important to implement Search Engine Optimization (SEO) strategies. This involves optimizing your website’s structure, content, and metadata to improve search engine rankings. Additionally, marketing efforts like social media promotion and online advertising can help drive traffic to your website.

9. Where to get a domain name?

You can obtain a domain name through accredited domain registrars responsible for domain registration and management. When deciding on a domain registrar, consider factors such as pricing, customer support, user-friendliness, additional services (like web hosting and email), and options for domain privacy protection. It’s crucial to choose a registrar that aligns with your specific requirements and offers competitive pricing to ensure a seamless and dependable experience in acquiring and managing your domain name.

Here at Bigrock, an ICANN-accredited web presence solutions provider, we offer user-friendly platforms for checking domain name availability, simplifying the registration process, and managing your domain settings. Furthermore, we provide various bundled offers, domain name offers, and hosting offers. You can choose the one that best suits your website’s needs and budget, allowing you to start creating your website with ease.

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